Australian Physiotherapy Equipment provides educational material on common knee injuries, below are information sheets on common knee pathologies.
Patello-Femoral Joint Pain (Knee cap pain)
This is a very common condition that can be very well rehabilitated with manual therapy and an exercise based rehabilitation program. Appropriate patella tracking bracing can also play a fundamental role in managing the condition.
Patellar Tendinopathy (Jumpers Knee)
This is a common problem in the athletic population especially in jumping sports. Treatment of the condition is very effective with a specific exercise based rehabilitation program essential. Patella tendon unloading braces can also play an important role in managing the condition.
ITB Friction Syndrome
ITB Friction Syndrome is less common than other knee pathologies but extermely debilitating to the athlete. This condition can be managed well with physiotherapy intervention however medical interevention, by way of corticosteroid injection, may be required. Home treatment consisiting of ITB stretching and self-releases(Foam Roller glides) are essential in the management of the condition.
This refers to degeneration due to wear and tear of the knee joint. Strengthening and rehabilitaion of the joint is useful to prevent further degeneration of the joint, however the damge that is there cannot be undone. Knee bracing can be useful to provide support to the joint and aid in general functioning.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL)
The ACL is the most important ligament in the knee joint. Injury to this ligament can be year ending to any athlete. Proper diagnosis and management of this injury is imperative for a full return to function to occur.