28 Dec 2021

A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of your big toe. It occurs when some of the bones in the front part of your foot move out of place. Appropriate footwear is essential!!

The big toe joints can become deformed and damaged due to different factors. Genetic/hereditary, poor footwear, some medical conditions such as rheumatoid or osteo arthritis. In most cases the joint becomes painful due to arthritic changes in the joint which can cause inflammation and pain. This is exacerbated by the external pressure of footwear. Most bunions can be helped by wearing suitable footwear. Sometimes they can be helped by external aids such as gel bunion shields depending on the severity of the deformity. Occasionally if the problem has progressed enough surgery can be helpful.

 

Causes of Bunions

  • There is often a strong hereditary link with bunion formation. Certain foot types and bony alignments can have a hereditary link which predispose the person to a bunion. However they can be caused by disease processes such as rheumatoid arthritis even if there is no family history.
  • While it is less likely that footwear actually causes a bunion (although there may be some cases) poor fitting footwear will cause any predisposition to the deformity to come to fruition more rapidly.
  • Common causes of bunions related to disease are rheumatoid and osteo arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis has a more destructive effect on the big toe joint and the foot joints in general leading to deformation. Osteo arthritis tends to affect the joint either later in life or if there are biomechanical factors which lead to the big toe joint to deviate out of alignment.

 

Helpful Advice on Bunions

  • A bunion is often preventable by wearing shoes that fit properly. Cosyfeet Australia can help.
  • Footwear with bunion care is really important. If your bunion is quite progressed then wearing wide fitting footwear with a soft fitting upper is important. The soft fitting upper prevents the skin which is stretched over the bunion becoming compromised. If your bunion is in its early stages then good flat sensible footwear will help to prevent the progression of the problem. If you are experiencing pain or problems with your bunion then consult a state registered podiatrist for further advice and treatment.