Neuroscience doctorate to 'Dark Knight' mass murderer
James Eagen Holmes came from a well-tended San Diego enclave of two-storey homes with red-tiled roofs, where neighbours recall him as a clean-cut, studious young man of sparing words. What drove him to murder?
Tall and dark-haired, he stared clear-eyed at the camera in a 2004 high school yearbook snapshot, wearing a white junior varsity soccer uniform - No.16. The son of a nurse, Arlene, and a software company manager, Robert, James Holmes was a brilliant science scholar in college.
The biggest mystery surrounding the 24-year-old doctoral student was why he would have pulled on a gas mask and shot dozens of people early on Friday in a suburban Denver movie theatre, as police allege.
In the age of widespread social media, no trace of Holmes could be found on Facebook, LinkedIn, MySpace, Twitter or anywhere on the web. Either he never engaged or he scrubbed his trail.
A longtime neighbour in San Diego, where Holmes grew up, remembers only a "shy guy ... a loner" from a churchgoing family. In addition to playing soccer at Westview High School, he ran cross-country.
The bookish demeanour concealed an unspooling life. Holmes struggled to find work after graduating with highest honours in (northern) spring 2010 with a neuroscience degree from the University of California, Riverside, said the neighbour, retired electrical engineer Tom Mai.
Holmes enrolled last year in a neuroscience PhD program at the University of Colorado-Denver, but was in the process of withdrawing, said school officials, who didn't provide a reason. The school later said in a statement that he left the program in June 2012.
As part of the advanced program in Denver, a James Holmes had been listed as making a presentation in May about Micro DNA Biomarkers in a class named "Biological Basis of Psychiatric and Neurological Disorders".
In academic achievement, "he was at the top of the top", recalled Riverside Chancellor Timothy P. White.
Holmes concentrated his study on "how we all behave", White added. "It's ironic and sad."
From a distance, Holmes' life appears unblemished, a young man with unlimited potential. There are no indications he had problems with police.
Somehow, the acclaimed student and quiet neighbour reached a point where he painted his hair red and called himself "The Joker", the green-haired villain from the Batman movies, according to New York City Police Commissioner Ray Kelly, who said he had been briefed on the matter.
Authorities say Holmes arrived at the theatre dressed in black, outfitted in a gas mask, ballistic helmet, vest and leggings, black tactical gloves and protectors on his throat and groin. He was armed with an assault-style rifle, a shotgun and Glock handgun.
Police said he started his attack by tossing gas canisters into the theatre, where he had bought a ticket for the midnight showing of The Dark Knight Rises, the new Batman movie.
A federal law enforcement official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said Holmes bought four guns from retailers in the last two months.
Holmes bought his first Glock pistol in Aurora, Colorado, on May 22. Six days later, he picked up a Remington shotgun in Denver. About two weeks later, he bought a .223 calibre Smith & Wesson rifle in Thornton, Colorado, and then a second Glock in Denver on July 6 - 13 days before the shooting, the official said.
A high-volume drum magazine was attached to the rifle, an assault weapon, the official said. Aurora Police Chief Dan Oates said that a 100-round drum magazine for the rifle was recovered from the scene.
"I'm told by experts that with that drum magazine, he could have gotten off 50 to 60 rounds, even if it was semiautomatic, within one minute," Oates said at a news conference. "And as far as we know, it was a pretty rapid pace of fire in that theatre."
Julie Adams, whose son played junior varsity soccer with Holmes, said her son remembered little about the suspect, which was unusual for the tight-knit team.
"I don't think many of the kids (teammates) knew him. He was kind of a loner," she said.
Jackie Mitchell, a furniture mover who lives several blocks from the suspect's apartment building in Colorado, said he had drinks with Holmes at a bar on Tuesday night, though he showed no sign of distress or violence.
After Holmes approached him, "we just talked about football. He had a backpack and geeky glasses and seemed like a real intelligent guy, and I figured he was one of the college students," Mitchell said.
Holmes is not talking to police and has asked for a lawyer, according to a law enforcement official briefed on the investigation. Police found jars of chemicals in Holmes' booby-trapped apartment with wires nearby, the law enforcement official said.
When he surrendered meekly in the movie house car park, Holmes told authorities what he'd done at his residence in the Denver suburb of Aurora, the third most populous city in Colorado.
"Our hearts go out to those who were involved in this tragedy and to the families and friends of those involved," Holmes' family said in a statement on Friday. "We ask that the media respect our privacy during this difficult time."
On Friday morning, police escorted the suspect's father from the family's San Diego home. The mother stayed inside, receiving visitors who came to offer support.
San Diego police spokeswoman Lt Andra Brown spoke to reporters in the driveway of the Holmes' home, on behalf of the family.
"As you can understand, the Holmes family is very upset about all of this," she said. "It's a tragic event and it's taken everyone by surprise."
Police in Colorado say the suspect in one of the worst shootings in US history is not co-operating with authorities.
Aurora Police Chief Dan Oates says 24-year-old James Holmes has "lawyered up" and is not talking.
Holmes was arrested on Friday after a gunman opened fire during a midnight screening of The Dark Knight Rises, killing 12 people and injuring 58. He has been appointed a public defender and is scheduled to make an initial court appearance on Monday.
Oates says it could take months to determine a motive and police are working with FBI behavioural analysts.
The police chief says Holmes had more than 50 commercial packages delivered to his home and school address during the past four months.
What impact could psychological thrillers have on impressionable unstable minds?
What could drive a human to such atrocities?