Online treatment dramatically cuts suicide risks
Web-based treatment for people with depression cuts by half the number of people with the illness contemplating suicide, Australian research shows.
The research, published in the British Medical Journal Open, shows a dramatic reduction in both depression and suicidal thoughts in patients who participated in the study involving internet cognitive behaviour therapy.
"Web-based services for people with depression have been cautious about treating people who have suicidal thoughts but this study shows intervention for these people is successful," says lead author of the study, Professor Gavin Andrews of the School of Psychiatry at the University of New South Wales.
Almost 300 patients were prescribed an internet-based cognitive behaviour therapy course for depression by clinicians over the internet at www.thiswayup.org.au.
The reduction in suicidal thoughts following the six-lesson program was evident regardless of sex and age.
"A clinical audit of how primary care practitioners use the depression course showed that half the people who met criteria for depression and were prescribed the course had thought that they would be ‘better off dead’ in the previous 14 days," UNSW Medicine’s Professor Andrews says.
"When they completed the course 10 weeks later, half of the 300 people no longer met criteria for depression. Half of the people who had thought they would be ‘better off dead’ no longer thought that way."
This is the first study to demonstrate this association in primary care, the authors say.
"At present, it is routine to exclude patients with frequent suicidal thoughts from participating in internet cognitive behaviour therapy.
"Given that suicidal thoughts are an integral part of depression, this research shows that there is a rational basis for inclusion of people with suicidal ideas," they say.
People interested in participating in research should go to www.virtualclinic.org.au to register.